Hi everyone, my name is Bess Goldstein. This semester I’ll be aiming to learn, cultivate, and create poetry. Whether that be through research of famous poets, attending slam poetry events, or just listening to YouTube videos of spoken-word poetry, my goal for this semester is to learn from the writers around me.Read more
Robert F Kennedy was born into a wealthy family in 1925. Although they were in the Great Depression, his family never faced poverty like many Americans around them. The reason behind how exactly they got their fortune is very interesting. It would later be a surprising turn of events that Kennedy would focus on the country’s poverty problem when it had never affected him personally. Although the country was struggling financially, WWII was a major success for the economy. Before, there was concern that the economy would not get better after its plummet in 1929. Similar to Lyndon Johnson’s accomplishments being blinded by the Vietnam War, Herbert Hoover’s legacy as a president was overshadowed by the Great Depression. Poverty rates decreased by 21% between 1935 and 1950. It would decrease by another 6% from 1950 to 1960. Because of the prosperity, not much attention was paid to the country’s poverty. Although poverty had been significantly reduced over the 25 years, much of it was disproportionately racialized. There was a direct correlation between race and wealth. More black families were below the poverty line than white families. However, when it came to racial issues, many politicians did not think much about them, instead deciding to focus on foreign relations. Kennedy was one them, especially during the 1950s. Continue reading
Medicine in the Renaissance Era
My initial plan for the first semester was to finish studying the timeline of medical history– from the simple but ingenious tools used by the Neanderthals to the highly advanced diagnostic and treatment technologies used in modern-day hospitals. However, as I moved along the timeline, I found that there are many aspects intertwined with the progress of medicine: religion, culture, politics and many more. It is such a rich field of study that I am only able to reach the Renaissance period by the end of the semester. In this blog post, I will be looking at medicine during the Renaissance era in Europe, the Middle East and China, and touch upon medicine during the Early Modern Age. Next semester, I will pick up from here and move forward. Continue reading
(University Seal [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from West Chester University
I thought it would be smooth sailing after Thanksgiving break, and I could begin my research. However, after meeting with T. Mariska who brought into light some issues. We have decided to push back research till after Winter break. During our meeting, we discussed possibilities regarding storage as well as the length it would take to culture my cells. After further discussions, we have established that it may be best for me to begin research after winter break. This is because of the short turnaround between Thanksgiving and Winter Break. The estimated cost of the needed FBS (Fetal Bovine Serum), NBT-ii cell line, and the medium is about $1,189.00.
Approval has been granted! After nearly a year of paperwork being filled out and troubleshooting, Westtown has officially been granted access to Biosafety Level 1 products (as long as they are not derived from humans or primates). This is a great step forward because I essentially have all of the approval needed in order to begin my actual research.
Through our posts, likes, and comments, our social media presence and maintaining it, is one of the most important parts of our business. Today, I am going to be talking about what we do on our social media pages, why it is important to do what we do, and how it has positively affected our business.
What We Do for Our Social media:
Using Tailwind, a post-scheduler app, The Girl Narrative schedules posts using our data on the most popular times our audience will be online, when we will get the most traffic, etc. The content that we post typically falls into one of three categories: Inspiring young women, programs or other media that talks about/educates women and/or girls or inspirational quotes. We have found that the mix and balance of these three types of posts most engage our three main audiences (young girls, programs that support/educate young girls, and the parents/mothers of young girls).
Through our likes and comment on other brands and accounts, The Girl Narrative chooses to actively engage with other accounts through projects, likes, comments, and shares. This active engagement of other accounts has come back and promotes active engagement in our accounts. We have found that the more actively engaged we are, the more engagement we get in return, and thus the more traffic we get to our site in return.
Why We Use Social Media:
The reason that we have a social media page, particularly Instagram, is to connect with our three main audiences and create more traffic and excitement about our brand/nonprofit. As I stated before, our three main audiences include young girls, nonprofits/companies that support and/or educate young girls and women, and the parents (specifically the female guardians) of young women. We have found that Instagram is a good primary hub to connect to our first two audiences, as Instagram is a social media platform most used by young people and other organizations connecting to young people, and that Facebook is better for connecting to our third audience, the parents of young girls. Social media is, today, the prominent way of connecting and advertising, so it is only fitting that The Girl Narrative does the same in its outreach.
How Our Engagement Has Positively Affected Our Brand:
Since the launch of our 2018 Social Media Plan, The Girl Narrative has received an upturn of over 205% more traffic towards our site. If you are interested in seeing our 2018 Social Media Plan, please email, DM, or contact us through our social media pages or through our website, we’d be happy to share it with you! According to LYFE Marketing in an article titled The Importance of Social Media in Business, 71% of consumers are more likely to recommend a brand to others if they have a positive experience with it on social media. Because of the way that we continuously lift up, support, and otherwise give light to other lesser-known organizations, that we have received not only positivity and appreciation but heavy traffic towards our social media page and website as well.
Whether it is through our liking, sharing, commenting, or posting, the active engagement of The Girl Narrative’s page has caused us to experience more traffic and customer engagement than ever, and we hope to continue this trend and only grow our engagement, and, in turn, our audience.
CEO & Founder of
Smith, Keran. “The Importance of Social Media in Business for Entrepreneurial Success.”
Digital Marketing Blog, LYFE Marketing, 12 Sept. 2018, www.lyfemarketing.com/blog/importance-social-media-business/.
“The Girl Narrative (@Thegirlnarrative) • Instagram Photos and Videos.” The Girl Narrative
As mentioned in my last blog post, this week I will be sharing my research on the development of Communism in the context of Cuba. Over the last two weeks, I learned the overall historical background of the introduction, proliferation, and application of Communist ideals in Cuba under the leadership of Fidel Castro. Similar to my last post, I will first discuss in-depth my findings and then offer my reflection and a snapshot of my upcoming plan. Continue reading
As mentioned in my last post, I continued to develop my algebraic skills for solving differential equations during the past two weeks. In this blog, I want to introduce Euler’s Formula, the most impressive piece of math work I have ever seen. In specific, I will dive deep into the mathematical proof of this formula and explain its broad application.
Euler’s Formula consists of a simple line:
In this equation, e represents the irrational constant 2.71828…, or more specifically , and i represents . With an irrational number and an imaginary number involved, Euler’s Formula is not easy to visualize in the regular coordinate system. In order to make this blog more comprehensive to everyone, I will offer an algebraic proof, so that we don’t have to learn the complex Cartesian and Polar coordinate system from the beginning.
To prove Euler’s Formula, we have to prove it satisfies these three fundamental properties:
- (Law of exponential)
- (Law and definition of constant e in calculus)
- Taylor’s series of the left should equal to Taylor’s series on the right as the number of terms approaches infinite.
So let’s start from the first one! Remember we are now assuming Euler’s Formula is correct and testing if it [actually] follows all of the properties.
After proving the Euler’s Formula follows exponential identity, we can move on to proving the identity of e.
The concept of constant e was first brought up by Euler himself, and is sometimes referred to as “Euler’s Number.” The core definition of e is the rate of change always equal to its self. If you want to know more about this mysterious number, please visit here. Due to its ingenious definition, e is used in multiple areas including charging/discharging a capacitor or calculating quantities related to half-life.
Now here is a simple and straightforward proof for Part II.
In the last part, we are proving the polynomials of e^iθ equals the polynomials of cos(x)+i*sin(x) from Taylor’s series. If you remember some relevant knowledge from Calculus II, this would also be straightforward.
Now, we have proved the Euler’s Formula. And I will briefly and broadly cover its applications. If you are interested in knowing more about any of these topics, please tell me and I will discuss them in the future!
Trigonometry, Fourier transformation, Taylor’s series, …. the span of the impact of Euler’s Formula goes on and on. With Euler’s Formula, we can easily model rotations in complex coordinate system or even explain the spiral movements of the starts; with Euler’s Formula, the trigonometry relationships become easier than ever; and most importantly, with Euler’s Formula, we can, for the first time in history, cross the wall between transcendental numbers and algebraic numbers.
Euler’s Formula is a piece of math theorem, but also a piece of art. Like Mona Lisa’s Smile by Leonardo da Vinci, Euler’s Formula contains much more than it seems. When rewritten as e^(iπ)+1=0, the simple line involves plus/minus, multiplication/division, exponential, trigonometry, complex number, the concept of zero, and transcendental numbers. Even within itself, there is a sea of knowledge waiting for me to explore.
To me, Euler’s Formula is just a beginning. On my journey of learning, more fascinating math topics will be closely studied and researched. What I will not forget, however, is the excitement after seeing this beautiful math work. Like a line of a poem that eulogizes our life, Euler’s Formula thoroughly depicts the beauty of math.
Fourier Transforms [Illustration]. (2010, Fall). Retrieved from https://slideplayer.com/slide/10994153/
Arthur Mattuck, Haynes Miller, Jeremy Orloff, and John Lewis. 18.03SC Differential Equations. Fall 2011. Massachusetts Institute of Technology: MIT OpenCourseWare, https://ocw.mit.edu. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA.
Leonhard Euler [Photograph]. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.usna.edu/Users/math/meh/euler.html
O’Connor, J. J., & Robertson, E. F. (2001, September). The number e. Retrieved October 8, 2018, from MacTutor History of Mathematics archive website: http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/e.html
Medicine during the Middle Ages
Similar to the cycles in an economy, the development of modern western medicine has never been a straight line. Influenced by cultural beliefs, political climate and the general global dynamics, medicine since the demise of the Western Roman Empire to the Renaissance period went through abrupt halts and astonishing accelerations. Continue reading