Tag Archives: #edu

Last But Not Least… – Roger

In last week’s blog post we examined three of the five popular organizational structures proposed by Jacob Morgan, one of my favorite business writers on Forbes, and learned more about how to manage the personnel within a company. This week we are going to finish up our research in this area by learning about the last two organizational structures Morgan advocates. Also, since this is the last blog post of this year’s independent study, I am going to take y’all all the way to the very beginning of my project and share with you what I have learned, not only business-wise but also as a person from such a memorable experience. So without further ado, let’s get right into it!

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History of Jews before WWII -Han

 

 

Napoleon_stellt_den_israelitischen_Kult_wieder_her,_30._Mai_1806

Hi everyone,

After a struggling week with all kinds of schedule changes, I am excited to officially dive into my independent research project. This week is rather fruitful for me as I finally followed my original plan and went through numerous scholar articles and consensus. As I mentioned in last week, in order to gain a larger picture of Jews’ background, I will spend about three weeks to learn the history of Jews, including their migrations, their integration into the local population and the anti-Semitism wave in Europe prior to the second World War. As I dig into some article and scholar materials provided by the Israeli Consulate General in Shanghai, I found there are several events rather important to Jews in Europe, and I will mainly discuss some of the major events in this week’s blog. Continue reading

Slow Week — Grazer

This week has ended in little progress, but some important decisions were made. There’s a pivotal time to follow, as my own future and that of the Grazer will soon be decided.

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Red Handed — Grazer — Lukas

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This week I tested out what I made, as I’ve started to accept that what seems like it should work in the computer doesn’t always work out in real life. However, the results I got back confirmed what the computer said should happen, so that was a pleasant surprise.

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Taking Form — Lukas

IMG_3192

This week has been a week of progress, as components are completed, hardware is acquired, and inspiration is gained.

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Week 1: On the Importance of Efficient Algorithm Design – Will

Since my last blogpost I have completed the first two problem sets of the twelve this course entails. Week 0 entailed making a simple game in a visual programming language called Scratch where programs are created by dragging and dropping puzzle blocks into place more like LEGO then programming. Week 1 was the course’s first introduction to the C programming language and tasked us to write three programs.


 

water.c

The first of the trio tasked us to put the water wasted into showering into tangible terms by converting minutes spent in a shower to bottles of water. While technically this was a relatively easy challenge – it brought to light the interdisciplinary nature of computer science. CS does not exist in a vacuum nor does the problems it solves, and often its most important applications lay outside of the field itself. Computer Science allows us to contextualize and organize huge data sets and draw connections we might have never seen without it.

Screen Shot 2015-09-20 at 8.00.03 PM


 

mario.c

Image from Nintendo.com

Image from Nintendo.com

Our second task was a more traditional programming challenge. It tasked us with taking an integer of size [0,23] and to generate a Mario style pyramid of that height with # characters. While this didn’t directly have real world implications like water.c did; it did reach many valuable skills. The most important lesson from this problem was that of input sanitation; or making sure what the user inputs is both valid and not malignant. While this seems like something easy, forgetting to satanize inputs has lead to serious real world security breaches.

via XKCD

via XKCD


greedy.c

Screen Shot 2015-09-20 at 7.57.02 PM

The final problem of our problem set was the first time we had to consider and implement our very first algorithm. In short; an algorithm in many ways is just a set of instructions. It is just the procedure the computer follows to solve a problem. However almost all of the study of computer science is that of designing and optimizing algorithms. Even the field’s most notorious unsolved mystery, that equivalency (or probable lack there of) of P and NP complete problems, is an algorithmic mystery.

While greedy.c lacked the global implications that P vs. NP does, it tasked us on implementing our very first algorithm. As the same suggests we were implementing what is known as a greedy algorithm; or more simply an algorithm that always makes the optimal choice. In a fun play of words our greedy algorithm had to figure out how to give change using the least amount of change. While this isn’t a particularly difficult algorithm to implement, the lesson it teaches is invaluable.


Postmortem

While we are often taught the best way to become a better writer is just to put a pen to paper and write as much as possible – this is not true of computer science. It is always beneficial to focus on an elegant and efficient algorithm before you begin trying to implement it. The hardest part of computer science is not writing the code, it is designing it. You will never save time by starting to write before sketching an algorithm out, never. greedy.c is syntactically an extremely easy problem to solve; there is no pointer arithmetic, nor any other advanced programming concepts, just a bunch of while loops.. The challenge comes with designing an efficient algorithm to get to this point.

If you dive into this problem head first and just start writing you will not achieve an optimal result. If you dive in without planning you’ll many hours fighting edge cases and floating point impression and loose most of your sanity in the process. The algorithm I built in just forty lines, which I believe to be the most concise possible, would have been totally impossible to stumble upon if I had not spent significant time planning. I’d estimate that only 10% of the time I spent on this week’s assignment was actually writing code; the rest was quality time with a whiteboard trying out algorithms by hand.

This coming week we move onto Problem Set 2 which deals with cryptography, teaching string manipulation, one of my favorite topics. I suspect the vast majority of my blogging as this course continues will take this format, explaining the work done in this weeks problem set followed by some lessons learned. Hopefully these will serve as a nontechnical introduction into some of the course’s material.

Looking forward to seeing you all next week.