The conflict between India and Pakistan which led to being unable to coexist together arose as early as 1916 between two significant figures in Indian history. Jinnah, known well as the creator of Pakistan (muslim), and Mahatma Gandhi, Indian nationalist leader (hindu), were at the forefront of these early disputes. Jinnah, unlike Gandhi, believe government and religion were two entirely different issues that should not be intertwined ever. By around 1940, Jinnah had gathered many followers and convinced Muslims to fight for their own separate homeland that would be free for all religions alike. At this time in history violence arose. Keep in mind, the British had total rule over India during these events. As time progressed, more violence occurred and eventually it was declared that India and Pakistan would be split. While this was a very general summary of the conflict and lead up to the partition, there is much more that played into the government, religion, and control at the time.
The more I learn about this topic, the more angry I get to think that this type of history is not discussed in many schools. In a recent article I read, I was struck by a quote: “Partition is central to modern identity in the Indian subcontinent, as the Holocaust is to identity among Jews, branded painfully onto the regional consciousness by memories of almost unimaginable violence.” (www.newyorker.com)
For more information take a look at this article on the timeline of events regarding the partition:
Dalrymple, William. “The Great Divide.” The New Yorker. N.p., 22 June 2015. Web. 19 Sept. 2016.