Stigma, Functionality, and Bipolar Disorder- Lily

This past week I read a few articles on functionality and stigmas of bipolar disorder. One certain article really stood out to me, Stigma: A Core Factor On Predicting Functionality in Bipolar Disorder. This article presented hypothesizes and results of a group of 91 patients with bipolar disorder. Each person was given a questionnaire, which is made by the Scientific Section for Mood Disorders of the Psychiatric Association of Turkey. Functioning like emotional functioning, intellectual functioning, sexual functioning, feelings of stigmatization, social withdraw, household relations, relations with friends, participation to social activities, daily activities and hobbies, taking initiative and self sufficiency, and occupation, were all related to each bipolar patient depending on certain variables. A study that examined the influence of functioning in the patients: high scores of self-perceived stigma directly relates to lower scores of functioning, like mentioned previously.

The results included the relationship between demographic and medical variables with functioning. There was no proved relationship among functioning and sex, marital status, vocation, or psychotic-featured episodes. The variables that affected the bipolar patients’ functioning were, age, education, duration of disorder, number of hospitalizations, number of manic episode, number of depressive episodes, and duration of last remission period. These variables were all severity and linked to depression, internalized stigmatization, and perceived social support for the patient.

The article mentioned that the three predictors of functionality are depression, stigmatization, and social support. These were analyzed to further understand the effects of the variables of functioning. For example, the severity of depression correlated with internalized stigma. The results showed that internalized stigmatization is related to things like years of education, number of hospitalizations, depression and perceived social support. Sex relates to perceived social support, as males tend to perceive it less than females.

This article was interesting to me because it talked about all of the variables that connect to one’s disorder. Brandon and I are interested in social perceptions of bipolar patients. This article included a lot of information about how a bipolar patient functions according to certain variables. I wonder why males tend to feel less social support than females. I wonder if it could be because stereotypically males do not express their emotions, so they do not feel open to articulating and accepting emotions. This article did a good job of explaining and showing through the results of tests how certain aspects of a person relate to the severity of bipolar disorder.



[Social Interactions]. (n.d.). Retrieved from


1 thought on “Stigma, Functionality, and Bipolar Disorder- Lily

  1. lwhochbe

    As always, I am fascinated by what you and Brandon have uncovered. The factors that effect one’s functionality are not particularly surprising (it seems only natural that depression and period of remission would have a strong correlation), but the factors that don’t effect it surprised me. One would think that sex, marital status, and vocation would have a large affect because they are a part of our lives on a daily basis. Another potential question for next week could be, “How do these factors (depression, remission, etc.) play a role in bipolar disorder for young people as opposed to adults and the elderly? Do these factors change between age demographics?


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