This week, I ventured back to the Yale Psychology Course. The lecture was taught by Professor Susan Nolen-Hoeksema who touched on depression, bipolar disorder, and treatments of the two. I was already familiar with depression however, my knowledge of mania was very basic.
I thought mania was general feelings of happiness and euphoria. While that is true, mania is much more complex. When one experiences a manic period, he/ she has an inflated self-esteem or grandiosity. Many bipolar individuals also have a decreased need for sleep, talk at an incoherent pace, and are highly distractable during periods of mania. Profesor Nolen-Hoeksema did not say this in her lecture however I connected these symptoms with ADHD. Bipolar disorder usually does not manifest itself until a person is in their mid to late twenties. However, there are a few cases of teens being diagnosed with bipolar disorder. This connection between symptoms of bipolar disorder and ADHD led me to believe that a very small percentage of teens may be misdiagnosed with ADHD during their high school years. Early detection and proper treatment is vital for those suffering with bipolar disorder and because of that it is necessary for those who diagnose learning disabilities to have at least a general understanding of the symptoms of bipolar disorder and other mental illnesses.
After talking about the symptoms, Professor Nolen-Hoeksema talked about treatments. The manic episodes themselves are very pleasurable. The consequences that come from those episodes of lavish spending, sexual promiscuity and the subsequent periods of depression are what influences people to seek treatment.
Mania, just like Depression runs on a condominium so the levels of treatment differ. In the past, Lithium was used to stabilize mood swings and although effective, it had many side effects. Lithium caused dizziness, gastrointestinal problems, and led to heart disease. Now there is safer medication on the market such as Paxil. Paxil inhibits serotonin production which has been linked to depression. Paxil still has many of the same side effects of Lithuim however they are less severe and rarer.
Therapy is another method of treatment. Therapists focus on the cognitive behavior skills of their patient and help them work towards developing interpersonal relationships. The effectiveness of therapy and medication are about the same. However, therapy is a more effective long term solution as patients who stop counselling sessions experience less symptoms of bipolar disorder than their pill-taking counterparts. The lecture from Professor Nolen-Hoeksema gave me a better understanding for bipolar and also gave me inspiration for my research. Towards the end of her video she talked about the benefits of mania which immediately captivated me. There is too much information to cover in this blog post and I also want to continue my research so look forward to a detailed explanation of the benefits of mania in next week’s blog post.
“Looking for Evidence That Therapy Works.” Well Looking for Evidence That Therapy Works Comments. N.p., 25 Mar. 2013. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.
“Symptoms of Trauma and Bipolar Disorder Can Look Like ADHD.” SpecialEdPost. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.